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The James Farmer Collection

The James L. Farmer Collection includes a selection of images and audio-visual materials featuring James Farmer from Simpson Library's Special Collections and University Archives. Farmer was the founder of the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE), the organizer of the 1961 Freedom Rides, and a steadfast advocate for the principle of nonviolent resistance. James Farmer served as a professor in the History and American Studies Department at Mary Washington College from 1985 to 1998 and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, in 1998. (Special Collections and University Archives, Simpson Library, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, VA.)

#3 The Creation of the Freedom Rides (James Farmer's Reflections). 1987. 30min. (captioned)

In these video segments, James Farmer explains the creation and development of the Freedom Rides, which strove to enforce the Supreme Court cases, Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960) that desegregated interstate transportation. He noted that this was the beginning of the nationalization of the Civil Rights Movement, as previously most protests had been by locals and the Freedom Ride involved people from around the nation.

Farmer, James, 1920-1999
University of Mary Washington

[Transcript] link:

Rights: Copyright is retained by Special Collections and University Archives, Simpson Library, University of Mary Washington. This item is available for use in research, teaching, and private study. Items may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes without prior written consent from the University of Mary Washington.

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