Commotio Cordis: Sudden Cardiac Death in Athletics
Blunt chest trauma in young athletes can result in various injuries to the heart. Commotio Cordis is seen in athletes in whom the heart has been struck with relatively little force at a vulnerable period of the cardiac cycle. These athletes have no predisposing cardiac history. The usual clinical presentation is that of immediate collapse of the athlete after being struck in the chest. Prevention is the cornerstone of potentially decreasing the incidence with the aid of safety equipment and, possibly, immediate defibrillation with an AED unit.