Manfred Mohr (b. 1938, Germany) Long recognized as an influential figure in the software art genre, Manfred Mohr discovered the theoretical writings of German philosopher Max Bense in the early 1960s and was a co-founder of the "Art et Informatique" seminar at Vincennes University, Paris, in 1968. Encouraged by the musical composer Pierre Barbaud to use computational systems in his art, Mohr programmed his first computer drawings in 1969. In May 1971, the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris opened Manfred Mohr: Computer Graphics – Une Esthétique Programmée. The solo exhibition has since become known as the first museum display of artworks that were entirely calculated and drawn by a digital (rather than analog) computer.
Mohr’s pieces have been based on the logical structure of cubes and hypercubes, including the lines, planes, and relationships among them, since 1973. The rules of geometry, logic, and mathematics are fundamental to the artist-authored algorithms that generate his artwork.
His work is collected by the Centre Pompidou, Paris; Joseph Albers Museum, Bottrop; Victoria and Albert Museum, London; Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art; Victoria & Albert Museum, London; Ludwig Museum, Cologne; Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen; Kunstmuseum Stuttgart; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Museum Kulturspeicher, Würzburg; Kunsthalle Bremen; Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Strasbourg; Daimler Contemporary, Berlin; Musée d’Art Contemporain, Montreal; McCrory Collection, New York; and Esther Grether Collection, Basel. He is the recipient of a Golden Nica from Ars Electronica; the Camille Graesser-Preis, Zurich; D.velop Digital Art Award and a New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship.
Past solo exhibitions and retrospectives of Mohr’s work have taken place at the ARC, Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, 1971; Joseph Albers Museum, Bottrop,1998; Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen,1987, 2002; Museum for Concrete Art, Ingolstadt, 2001; Kunsthalle Bremen, 2007; Museum im Kulturspeicher, Würzburg, 2005; and Grazyna Kulczyk Foundation, Poznan, 2007. Mohr’s work has also been part of group exhibitions at the MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1980; Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1978, 1992; ZKM / Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe, 2005, 2008, 2010; Museum Ritter, Waldenbuch, 2005, 2006, 2008; Museo Nacional Centro de Reina Sofia, Madrid, 1989; MoCA, Los Angeles, 1975; National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 1984; Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, 1973, 1977, 1980; MoMA-PS1, New York, 2008; Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, 1978; Galerie Paul Facchetti, Paris, 1965, and Zürich, 1970.
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